Mountains and different types of Mountains

Mountains and Types of Mountains Mountains are significant relief features of the second order on the Earth’s surface. Generally, the mountains are more than 1000 m high. The mountains, whose height is less than 1000 m, called hills. Cordillera includes a general highland formed in a different period and by different processes. Orogeny The word Orogeny comes from… Read More »

Standard Time and International Meridian Conference

Standard Time and International Meridian Conference (IMC) Standard Time and International Meridian Conference (IMC) are one of the important topics in UPSC Examinations. So, I think this article will surely helpful for your Examinations. Standard Time  Before the middle of 19th century, 100’s of different time system were in use, throughout the world, based on the rising of… Read More »

Forces acting on the moving air near the Earth’s surface

Forces acting on the moving air near the Earth’s surface There are three forces acting on moving air near the Earth’s Surface. They are Pressure Gradients Force (PGF) Coriolis Force. Forces of Friction. (1) Pressure gradient force (pgf) Pressure Gradient Force is the basic activating force for the wind. I.e. it initiates the movement of air. They are… Read More »

Mountains, Plateaus, Plains and its Different Types

Mountains, Plateaus, Plains and its Different Types In general, geomorphic processes that originate within Earth, called endogenic processes result in an increase in surface relief, while the exogenic processes, those that originate at Earth’s surface, tend to decrease relief.  Igneous and tectonic processes constitute the endogenic geomorphic processes. Exogenic processes consist of various means of rock breakdown, collectively… Read More »